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Colours and Uniforms
 

 

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A short comment on the list:

From 1788 to 1808 several units were transformed, split, merged or disbanded so it's difficult to present a proper list where everything is simple and crystal clear. I have based the list on the 1788 structure and made comments on changes.

Colours and Standards (NEW)

Colours was used buy infantry units while standards was normally used by cavalry. However later into the period some dismounted units maintained their standards. Light units such as jaegers or hussars possessed none. In most cases the two sides of the infantry colours was identical. They measured 3 x 2 1/4 aln (1,8 x 1,3 m).

The cavalry standard was 3½ quarters, 44,5 cm in square (one quarter is 1/4 of an aln). The guidons used by the dragoons had the size of the standards but was extended by two tongues as well. 

(Aln, in English ell, is the length from the elbow to the tip of the little finger. 1 aln = 59,4 cm)

On top of this each unit carried two different colours or standards, the life colour/standard and the company colour/standard.

The life colour/standard was issued to the first company, also known as the life company of each regiment. The colours/standards was basically of the same design for all units in the army. It was all white and had the Swedish great coat of arms painted in the centre. In the upper inner corner, each allotted regiment carried their provincial symbol. Later when the colours was embroidered, the size of the coat of arm was reduced, but at the same time the provincial symbol was embroidered as the proper coat of arm. The enlisted units had colours of the same design but instead of the provincial coat of arms they had a royal crown or the kings monogram in each of the four corners.

 These sample life colours are not drawn from any real colours, they are merely there to demonstrate the principal design.

Generic model for enlisted units The Smålands regiment The Kalmar regiment

(Please note that the Swedish Great Coat of Arms that is shown on these samples are the modern version, not the one used in late 18 century. I have used it just to show the general principle)

Company colours/standards was issued to all the other companies of the regiment. The basic design was made in 1686 but as time passed the design was refined and adjusted to to the current fashion. The colours used by the infantry that I present on my pages is generally known as model 1686B (m/1686B). The difference is that the motif is now embroidered and in a smaller size in order to cut the costs. From now on the motif only covered 1/3 of the height of the colour. In the 1760's a new design was introduced. The colour maintained the the over all design as colours and motif, but from now on the green laurel wreath was replaced by a golden ornament. The design of the ornament varied a bit, but for simplicity I have used the one called type 2b for all colours.

The allotted cavalry had their provincial emblem on the left (or inner side). On the other side they carried the the embroidered monogram of the king that had presented them with the standard.

To cut the costs, a decision was taken in 1731 that each regiment was to be issued with only four colours (one life- and three company colours) Ten years later an order was given that no regiment was allowed to field more then four colour, despite the fact that several did units posses up to eight. For some reason, these rules did not apply to the cavalry.

In 1819 a completely new the system of colours, standards and guidons was introduced.

(NEW) Do you want to download my colours?

I can save you the time you have to spend copying and resizing each and every one of the pictures below. For 10,00 SEK ( roughly 0,93 EUR or 1,35 USD) I will send you a Power-point file with 77 different colours covering all regular Swedish army units from 1788-1819 and most units for the SYW as well. The colours in the PPT-file are 30 mm high but as the file isn't write-protected you can resize each of them to fit your particular scale. Or, if you are into "Imagi-nations", why not reshape, redraw, change the colouring to fit your Uberwald landtwehr battalion or the Newly raised Light Guard of Princess Samantha? Do what ever you like as long as you don't distribute the file, ok?

Fine. Send an e-mail to contact@swordandsabre.com stating that you want the PPT-file with my colours and that you want me to bill you through PayPal. Due to bad experiences all payment has to be in advance but I hope that is ok.

Uniforms (NEW)

For the 1788-90 war uniforms (model/1779) there are some good references available on how the uniforms was designed and what colours they were.

This is not the case when we go into the 1808-09 war. We have a good idea on the design of the model/1802 but that one was to be replaced with the new model/1806, which was changed in 1807.... Since the army was short on basically everything, we can assume that the general uniform used during the war was the model/1802. Some of the late arrivals from the western part of the kingdom might have been issued uniforms but for the moment I have no info on that.

In both wars the Swedish army raised a large numbers of reserve units such as the "Vargering", "Lantvärn" or various more or less voluntary "Freicorps". It is not likely that these units could be issued uniforms in accordance to the royal letters on the matter. My guess is that the units showed up in a mix of newer and older uniforms but also to a very large extent in their old civilian cloth.

If you are looking for info regarding the Swedish expeditionary army that Bernadotte commanded in northern Germany in 1813, you should be aware of a few things. The colours I have presented here are still applicable but the uniforms had undergone a big change both in style and in colours.

With that in mind, please enjoy what I have posted here and feel free to draw your own conclusions and to make comments.

All drawings are based on the information in "Between the Imperial Eagles" and the drawings by C.G Roos. All drawings on this page are copyright to Lars Rössle

Infantry

Livgardet (The Life guard)
Kunglig Majestäts Livgarde till fots (- 1791)
Kunglig Majestäts Första livgarde till fots (1791-92)
 Svea livgarde (1792-1808)
 Fleetwoodska regementet (1808-1809)
 Kungliga Svea Livgarde (1809-)

Iinfantry regiment serving as garrison in Stockholm.

 Colours presented in 1772 and used until 1798 when they were replaced by colours with the monogram of Gustav IV Adolfs.

Gustav IV Adolf showed his dissatisfaction over the poor achievements of the guard regiments during the "Finnish war". In 1808 they all lost the "guard" status and was reduced to regular enlisted units. They also lost their right to their royal colours. This is the colour of the "Fleetwood regiment"

Shortly after the coup against king Gustav Adolf, the regiment was once again granted the status of "Life guard". The white colours was returned in1810 but now with the monogram of King Karl XIII.

Livgardet m/1779

m/1802

Svenska gardesregementet (The Swedish Guard regiment)

The Regiment was formed in 1790 by merging of a number of auxiliary units. These units were the Storamiralens regemente, Sandels fotjägare, Eherenmalmska bataljonen and the Tornéhelmska bataljonen. In 1808 the regiment was split between the Fleetwoods regemente and the Paléns regemente. This regiment is also known as:

bulletAndra gardesregementet (1790-92)
bulletKungl Majt Göta livgarde (1792)
bulletGöta gardesregemente (1792-1806)
bulletSvenska gardesregementet (1806-1808)

 

The colours are unknown but was most likely of the same design as for all other units with "Guard" status.

Did not exist

m/1802

Finska gardesregementet (The Finnish Guard regiment)
Den värvade bataljonen av livregementsbrigadens lätta infanteri (1793-1796)
Livregementets lätta bataljon (1796-1803)
 Finska gardesregementet (1803-1808)
 Paléns värvade regemente (1808-1809)
 Andra gardesregementet (1809-

In 1793 the third battalion of the Queen Dowagers regiment formed "The enlisted battalion of the  light infantry of the life regiment brigade". When the unit was formed, it's likely that they maintained some of the colours from the Queen Dowagers regiment.

New colours was presented in 1792.

Gustav IV Adolf showed his dissatisfaction over the poor achievements of the guard regiments during the "Finnish war". In 1808 the regiment loses it's status as "Guards" and is renamed to Paléns regiment. At the same time one half of the former "Svenska gardesregementet" joins the regiment

Shortly after the coup against king Gustav Adolf, the regiment was once again granted the status of "guard". The white colours was returned in1810 but now with the monogram of King Karl XIII.

Änkedrottningens regemente
(Queen Dowagers regiment)
m/1779

m/1802

Livregementets grenadjärkår (Life regiment grenadier corps)
See Livgardet till häst (The Mounted Life guard)
Livgrenadjärregementet (The Life grenadier regiment)
See Östgöta regemente and Östgöta kavalleriregemente
Upplands regemente

The regiment was allotted in approximately the same area as today's Uppsala county.

Colour m/1766 introduced in 1771

m/1779 (White edge on Plastron)

m/1802 (White edge on Plastron)

Skaraborgs regemente

The regiment was allotted in the eastern parts of the province of Västergötland.

Colour m/1761 introduced in 1763

Possible design of the colour introduced in 1804. It is possible that the colour should have only two crowns, one in the black and one in the yellow corner.

m/1779

m/1802 (White edge on Plastron)

Åboläns regemente

The regiment was allotted in the inland areas of the province of "Proper Finland".

Colour m/1686 B introduced in 1746

Two possible versions of the colour introduced in 1804

m/1779

m/1802

Södermanlands regemente

The regiment was allotted in approximately the same area as today's Södermanlands county, but were also allotted in a part of Östergötland. 

Colour m/1686 B introduced in 1746

Colour m/1766 introduced in 1813

m/1779

m/1802

Kronobergs regemente

The regiment was allotted in approximately the same area as today's Kronobergs county. 

Colour m/1766 introduced in 1768

m/1765 and m/1779

m/1802

Jönköpings regemente

The regiment was allotted in approximately the same area as today's Jönköpings county 

Colour m/1686 B introduced in 1758

In my opinion the most likely version of the colour introduced in 1813.

m/1765 and m/1779

m/1802 (White edge on the collar)

Björneborgs regemente

The regiment was allotted in approximately the same area as the province of Satakunta.

Colour m/1686 B introduced in  1752

Colour m/1766 introduced in  1794

m/1779

m/1802

Dalregementet

The regiment was allotted in approximately the same area as today's Dalarnas county.

Colour m/1766 introduced in 1764(!) The colour is to be regarded as a prototype for the m/1766.

m/1779

m/1802

Tavastehus regemente

The regiment was allotted in the province of Tavastland, but some areas of Savolax and Österbotten was also included.

Colour m/1766 introduced in 1773

m/1779

m/1802 (Red edge on Plastron, cuffs and collar)

Hälsinge regemente

The regiment was allotted in approximately the same area as today's Gävleborgs county 

Colour m/1686 B introduced in  1760

Colour m/1766 introduced in  1813

 

m/1779

m/1802

Älvsborgs regemente

The regiment was allotted in the south-western parts of the province of Västergötland.

Colour m/1766 introduced in  1771

 

m/1765 and m/1779

m/1802

Västgöta-Dals regemente

The regiment was allotted in the province of Dalsland and in the western parts of Västergötland

Colour m/1761 introduced in 1766.

In 1804 the regiment received a colour with completely new look.

 

m/1765 and m/1779

m/1802 (Yellow edge on Collar)

Savolax infanteriregemente

The regiment was allotted in the province of Savolax, but parts of Österbotten and Karelen (Carelia) were also included.

Colour m/1686 B introduced in  1747

A proposal from 1769 for a new colour. I have not found any notes on if any colours of this design was ever introduced.

m/1779

m/1802 (Yellow edge on Plastron)

Östgöta regemente

The regiment was allotted in approximately the same area as the province of Östergötland.

Colour m/1686 B introduced in 1751.

In 1791 the unit was reformed and renamed to the "rotehållsdivision" of the newly formed Life Grenadier regiment. The old colours were used until 1800 when colours of the same design as for the Lifeguard arrived

m/1765 and m/1779

m/1802

Västmanlands regemente

The regiment was allotted in approximately the same area as today's Västmanlands county.

Colour m/1766 introduced in 1773

m/1765 and m/1779

m/1802 (White edge on Plastron and Cuffs)

Västerbottens regemente

The regiment was allotted in provinces of Västerbotten and Norrbotten.

Colour m/1686 B introduced in 1758

Colour m/1766 introduced in 1812

m/1765 and m/1779

m/1802

Bohusläns regemente
See Bohusläns dragoon regiment
Kalmar regemente

The regiment was allotted in approximately the same area as today's Kalmar county 

Colour introduced in 1764

Colour m/1766 introduced in 1813

 

m/1779

m/1802

Nylands regemente

The regiment was allotted in the province of Nyland and the southern parts of Tavastland.

Colour m/1766 introduced in  1772

m/1779

m/1802

Närke-Värmlands regemente

The regiment was allotted in area of today's Örebro county and Värmlands county.

Colour m/1766 introduced in 1767

In 1812 the regiment was split into Värmlands regiment and Närke regiment. The Närke regiment maintained the basic design but the red and white fields were reversed.

The Värmland regiment recived colours of a completely new design.

m/1765 and m/1779

m/1802

Österbottens regemente

The regiment was allotted in the costal area of the province of Österbotten.

Colour m/1686 B introduced in  1744.

m/1779

m/1802

Kajana bataljon

The population of the eastern parts of the province of Österbotten had as early as 1680 agreed to raise 150 men to defend their home area. This unit is often referred to as the Kajana border- and lantwehr company. In April 1788 the king Gustav III decided to agree to a proposal from the governor in the Uleåborg county, suggesting that the Kajana border- and lantwehr company should be expanded to a battalion of 300 men. The battalion was to be subordinated to the Österbottens regemente, and very soon an agreement was reached with the peasantry in the area. They agreed to allot  307 men.

Colours was delivered to the battalion in 1799 but there are no descriptions on how they looked.

(The picture below are purely fictional and are included just to tickle your fantasy)

m/1779

m/1802

Jämtlands regemente

The regiment was allotted in today's Jämtlands county, excluding Härjedalen. 

Colour m/1686 B introduced in 1736

Colour m/1766 introduced in 1814

m/1765 and m/1779

m/1802

Konungens egna värvade regemente

The unit was formed in southern Sweden in 1719 by merging the "Smålands tre- och femmänningsregementen". The unit was sent to Finland in 1751-1762 to participate in the construction of Sveaborg. In 1828 the regiment was reduced to a garrison company in Landskrona. The unit was disbanded in 1858. The unit is also known as:

bulletCol Ture Sigismund Horns regemente 1723-1724
bulletGenmj Filip Bogislaus von Schwerins regemente 1725-1729
bulletColonel Bengt Horns regemente 1729-1736
bulletGeneralmajor Jean Louis Bosquets regemente 1736-1747
bulletPrins Gustavs regemente till fot 1747-1753
bullet(Colonel Georg von Heijne) 1747-1756
bulletKronprinsens regemente till fot 1753-1771
bullet(Generalmajor Carl Adlerfelt) 1756-1764
bullet(Colonel Ulrik Scheffer) 1764-1766
bullet(Generalmajor Abraham von Björnmarck) 1766-1771
bulletPrins Adolfs Fredrik regemente till fot 1771-1772
bulletKonungens eget värvade regemente 1772-1828(-29?)
bulletGarnisonskompani i Landskrona 1828(-29?)-1858.

Colour in use between 1718-1744

Colour in use between 1748-1777

Drawing in the war archive from 1771 when the regiment were known as "Prins Fredrik Adolfs regemente. I don't know if it ever were used.

Colour presented in 1776. The drawing in the war archive shows a colour that is identical to the one shown for the life-guard. This colour was used by the regiment at least until 1815.

m/1779

White edges on Plastron. The colour of the collar is unknown.

m/1802

Drottningens livregemente

Garrison regiment in Stralsund, Germany. The unit was formed in 1720 bay merging the "Upplands- and Västgöta femmänningsregementen". The name "The Queens life regiment" was presented in 1722 and was kept until the unit was transferred to Prussia in 1815.

Company colours in use between 1783 and 1802. The new ones presented in 1802 probably had the monograms of Gustav IV Adolf and Sofia Magdalena.

Drawing found in the war archive. It's likely to show the colonels colour. The arm is the combined Swedish Danish arms, since the queen was a Danish princess.

 New colours was distributed in 1802, now showing the monograms of Gustav IV Adolf and queen Fredrika Dorotea Wilhelmina.

In 1810 the regiment received new colour now with the monogram of XIII and queen Hedvig Elisabet.

m/1779

Headgear is just my guess.

m/1802

Änkedrottningens livregemente

The regiment was formed in southern Sweden in 1742 but transferred to Finland and the construction of Sveaborg in 1753. After a short period in Sweden, it was in 1762 once again sent to Finland. Initially the regiment was formed on two battalions with 500 numbers each. In 1773, a third battalion was formed. The new battalion was based in Stockholm. The regiment was disbanded in 1808 after the Russian capture of Sveaborg. Regimental commanders has been:

bulletColonel Gustaf David Hamiltons regemente 1741-1758
bulletColonel Magnus David Lillieswärds regemente 1759-1761
bulletColonel Carl Fredrik von Liewens regemente 1761-1762
bulletPrins Fredrik Adolfs regemente 1762-1771
bulletGeneralmajor Zöge von Numbersteuffels regemente 1771-1772
bulletThe Queen Dowagers Life regiment / Änkedrottningens livregemente 1772-1808

Colour in use between 1741-1757

Colour in use between 1760-1772.

They were issued new colours when the regiment changed it's name to Änkedrottningens (The Queen Dowagers Life regiment)

It is likely that the new company colours had the monogram of Gustav III on one side and Lovisa Ulrikas on the other. The colonels colour might have had the combined Swedish Prussian arm on one side.

(Drawing of the Colonels colour after a note made by Leif Törnqvist 2nd of sept 2004)

m/1779

Headgear is just my guess.

m/1802

Sveaborgs garnisonsregemente

The regiment was formed as an enlisted garrison regiment based upon the remains of several units formed during the Great Nordic war. Initially the regiment was stationed in southern Sweden but was in 1751 transferred to Finland and Sveaborg. The regiment was disbanded in 1808 after the Russian capture of Sveaborg. Regimental commanders has been:

bulletGeneralmajor Per Adlerfelts regemente 1721-1737
bulletColonel Ernst Gustaf von Willebrandts regemente 1737-1743
bulletColonel Gustaf Rutensparres regemente 1743-1749
bulletGeneralmajor Jacob Albrekt von Lantingshausens regemente  1749-1752
bulletColonel Johan Cronhielms regemente 1752-1762
bulletGeneralmajor Carl Björnbergs regemente 1762-1772
bulletColonel Hugo Hernumbers von Saltzas regemente 1773
bulletColonel Carl Gustaf Skyttes regemente 1773-1777
bulletColonel Fredrik Flemmings regemente 1777-1788
bulletColonel Fredrik Johan Stackelbergs regemente 1788-1801
bulletColonel Fredrik Adolf Jägerhorns regemente 1801-1808

Colour in use between 1725-1736

Colour in use between 1739-1755

Colour in use between 1755-1793

Colour in use between 1801-1808

m/1779

m/1802

Stralsunds garnisonsregemente

The regiment was recruited in 1749 and was formed on two battalions with four companies each. Initially the regiment was stationed in Sweden. When Sweden entered the seven year war against Prussia, the regiment was transferred to Pomerania. In the 1788-90 war the regiment served in Finland, but was once again returned to Pomerania after the war. When the French forces occupied Pomerania in 1807 the regiment was once again returned to Sweden (after suffering from heavy losses due to desertions). During the short peace 1810-1812 the regiment was once again back, just to be disbanded during the second French occupation in 1812. The regiment was restored in 1813. In 1815 the regiment became a Prussian unit when Pomerania was handed over to Prussia. Regimental commanders has been:

bullet

Generalmajor Gabriel Spens regemente 1749-1765

bullet

Colonel Carl Fredrik Lillienbergs regemente 1765

bullet

Colonel Balthsar Achtes von Platens regemente 1766

bullet

Colonel Conrad Christopher von Blixens regemente 1766-1779

bullet

Generalmajor Johan Psilanderhielms regemente 1779-1796

bullet

Generalmajor Hernumbers von Engelbrechtens regemente 1796-1815

Colour in use between 1750-1757

Colour in use between 1761-1809

The looks of the colours after 1809 is unknown.

m/1779

Not available at the moment

m/1802

Skåne/Stralsunds garnisonsregemente

The "Västra skånska utskrivningsregementet" was formed in 1712. After the end of the great nordic war the regiment was in 1721 transformed into an enlisted garrison regiment. The regement was stationed in Skåne and Stralsund, Pommerania. In 1789 the regiment was merged into the Konungens egna värvade regemente. Regimental commanders has been:

bulletCol Carl Posses regemente 1721-1728
bulletCol Carl August Dohnas regemente 1728-1737
bulletCol Klas Filip von Schwerins regemente 1737-1749
bulletCol Carl Gustav Cronhiorts regemente 1749-1755
bulletCol Johan Maximilian Löwenfels regemente 1755-1763
bulletCol Johan Wilhelm Sprengtportens regemente 1763-1795
bulletCol Georg Peter Dankwardts regemente 1796-1798

Colour in use between 1712-1724

Colour in use between 1724-1740

Colour in use between 1740-1757

Colour in use between 1762-1788.

The colours were lost in the battle of Hogland. A new set was issued in 1789, now with the monogram of Gustav III.

m/1779

See konungens egna regemente
Värmlands fältjägarkår

Enlisted unit that was planned to be organised in 1788. When the war broke out, some auxiliary companies were instead hastily raised to protect the Norwegian border. The battalion was finally formed in marsh 1790 by recruiting from the auxiliaries.  The plan was to recruit 600 men but that could never be achieved. The battalion was subordinated to the Närke-Värmlands regemente. In 1812 the battalion was merged into the newly formed Värmlands rifle regement.

In the book "Anteckningar om Värmlands fältjägarkår"by Axel Kindberg, the first uniform is described as "Grey with green turnbacks". He gives no info about the colour of the pants, if charivades (outer stockings) were used, or any details regarding the headgear. Initially the unit was armed with muskets and bayonets. In 1793 the use of rifle is mentioned.

Rifle or jaegers units carried no colours


Here are some suggestions of how the uniform m/1779 might have looked like. See also the Karelska jägarkåren below

m/1802

Karelska jägarkåren

Enlisted rifle corps recruited in the Swedish part of Carelia in spring 1788. In 1789, when the corps had four companies of 550 numbers it was split in two battalions with four companies each. The companies was supposed to hold 150 numbers each, in all 1200 men. The true number never exceeded 860.

The corps was disbanded after the war but re-established only one year later. It was to hold two companies with 100 men each. In 1806 the companies was expanded to 150 men each.

Rifle or jaegers units carried no colours


I
n 1789 a decision were taken that the corps should have grey uniforms. Green should be used for turn backs and collar. The shoe laces were to be green, and there is a decision that they were to have hats. There are no notes about charivades or stockings. The description fits well into the same outfit as the one mentioned above for the Värmlands jägar kår

m/1802

Savolax jägarregemente

The unit was formed in 1770 as an enlisted light rifle corps. In 1789 the unit was expanded and renamed to Savolax rifle regiment.

 Rifle or jaegers units carried no colours

m/1779

m/1802

Nylands jägarbataljon

Due to the peace in1721 the allotting area for the Viborg infantry regiment were reduced, and the unit were reduced to a battalion. As Viborg ended up in Russia, the battalion was renamed to Kymmenegårds battalion. In 1744 the area was even more reduced, and the battalion had only a small part of the Elimä company left. The unit was still preserved as a battalion until 1791 when the unit was merged into the newly founded Nylands rifle battalion.

The battalion was allotted in the costal areas area between the river of Kymmene and the province of Nyland 

 m/1779 (Kymmenegårds battalion)

m/1802

Adlercreutz regemente
(Until september 1804 Nya Jägarregementet or Finska värvade fotjägarregementet)
 

The regiment was an enlisted light regiment stationed in southern Finland. The regiment held 13 companies formed on four battalions. One company held 200 numbers, the rest held150, all in all 2000 numbers. In 1805 the 200 number strong Elimä-company were transferred to the Nylands jägarbataljon. In 1808 the regiment were sent to Sveaborg and was disbanded  after the Russian capture of the castle.

Colour for 1807-1808. The colour were manufactured but it's not likely that they was ever delivered to the regiment. Instead the colours was modified ad delivered to the newly raised Northern and Southern Scanian infantry regiments.

Did not exist

m/1802

Vasa regemente
The population growth in Finland allowed the army to raise the allotted units by nearly 2 000 men. The largest growth had been in Österbotten, alowing two regiments on the ground of the original regiment. In south the Vasa regiment was to be founded while the remaining northern part was to be renamed into Uleåborgs regiment. The Work started in the south but when the war of 1808-09 started the only substantial effect was the 800 men that had just been recruited.  

It is not likely that any colour had been designed for this unit, but just to tickle your imagination I will present two of my personal ideas...

Did not exist

Same as Österbottens regemente

m/1802

Göteborgs garnisonsregemente

The regiment was set up in 1721 based on the "Västgöta tremänningsregemente". It had eight companies in 1723 and was stationed in Gothenburg. Several periods were spent in Finland, the first one in 1742, the second in 1751-62 to participate in the construction of the castle of Sveaborg. The third period was in 1790. In 1801 the regiment was disbanded and the personnel were sent to The newly formed Göta artillery regiment. Regimental commanders has been:

bulletGenmj Bengt Ribbing 1721-1730
bulletGenlt Daniel Johan Zander 1730-1747
bulletGenlt Carl Edward von Hessenstein 1747-1769
bulletGenmj Hans Gustaf Gyllengranat 1769-1774
bulletGeneralmajor Hugo Hernumbers von Zaltza 1774-1789
bulletField Marshall Curt Bogislaus von Stedingk 1789-1801

Colour in use between 1725-1731.

Colour in use between 1755-1793

m/1779

Unit disbanded in 1801

 

Artillery

The regiment was formed in four brigades, with various numbers of companies. Each company held 80 men.

The guns were of very different types and calibres, which caused some logistical problems during the 1788-90 war.

Between the wars the brigades were separated and formed independent regiments.

Svea artillery regiment (Stockholm) (Blue)
Göta artillery regiment (Gothenburg) (Yellow?)
Vendes artillery regiment (Skåne) (White)
Finska artilleriregementet (Sveaborg) (Red)

The artillery carried no colour.

m/1779

Left: Svea artilleriregemente
Right: Finska artilleriregementet

m/1802

 

Cavalry

Livgardet till häst (The Mounted Life guard)
Livregementets Kyrassiärkår (The Cuirassier Corps of the Life Regiment Brigade)
Livregementet lätta dragonkår (The Light Dragoon Corps of the Life Regiment Brigade),
Livregementets grenadjärskår (The Light Infantry Battalion of the Life Regiment Brigade)

The regiment was allotted in central Sweden.

The standards were presented in 1724 and had the monogram of King Fredrik I. Each company had the arm of their province in the upper corner of the standard.

In 1791 the regiment was split into three corps:
The Cuirassier Corps of the Life Regiment Brigade,
The Light Dragoon Corps of the Life Regiment Brigade,
The Light Infantry Battalion of the Life Regiment Brigade

The Cuirassiers used the old standards but this year they were presented new ones.

The Dragoons, who later was transformed into Hussars never used any standards.

The light infantry corps was in 1808 transformed into a Grenadier corps and received white colours with a royal crown in each corner and the monogram of king Gustav IV Adolf.

Livgardet till häst m/1779

m/1802

Not available at the moment

Livdragonregementet (The Life dragoon regiment)
The Rusthållsbataljons of Åboläns- and Björneborgs regiment

The regiment was allotted in the provinces of Proper Finland and Satakunta. The guidons were presented in 1755 and had the monogram of King Adolf Fredrik.

Guidons used by the companies raised in the province "Proper Finland".

Guidons used by companies raised in the province of "Satakunta".

In 1791 the regiment was dismounted and transformed into light infantry. One battalion was transferred to Åbo läns regiment where they formed the third battalion. The other battalion joined Björneborgs regiment as their third battalion. The old guidons was probably used by the battalions until the units was disbanded in 1809.

m/1779

m/1802

See Åboläns regiment and Björneborgs regiment

Västgöta kavalleriregemente (The Västgöta cavalry regiment)

The regiment was allotted in the province of Västergötland.

The standards were presented in 1768 and had the monogram of King Adolf Fredrik. I don't know if the two white stars were used on both side of the standard.

After the war the regiment was subjected to several changes and in 1811 they were finally dismounted and transformed into the Västgöta infantry regiment.  In 1812 they was presented colours of a completely new design.

m/1779

m/1802

Not available at the moment

 

Smålands kavalleriregemente (The Småland cavalry regiment)
Smålands dragonregemente (The Småland Dragoon regiment)

The regiment was allotted in the province of Småland.

The standards were presented in 1776 and had the monogram of king Gustav III. Please note that the provincial arm and the royal monograms are placed differently than what's usual.

In 1801 the regiment was renamed to "the Småland Light Dragoon Regiment" and in 1806 " the Småland Dragoon Regiment. 

As a light unit the regiment carried no standards.

m/1779

m/1802

Not available at the moment

 

Östgöta kavalleriregemente (The Östgöta cavalry regiment)

The regiment was allotted in the province of Östergötland.

The standards were presented in 1776 and had the monogram of king Gustav III. Please note that the provincial arm and the royal monograms are placed differently than what's usual.

In 1791 the regiment was dismounted and formed the "Rusthålls division", one of the two divisions of the Life Grenadier Regiment. The former Östgöta infantry regiment formed the other division of the new regiment.

In 1800 the regiment received  white colours with a royal crown in each corner and the monogram of king Gustav IV Adolf.

m/1779

m/1802

Not available at the moment

 

Norra skånska kavalleriregemente (The Northern Scanian regiment)
Skånska hussarregementet (The Scanain Hussar regiment)

The regiment was allotted in the North and western parts of the province of Skåne.

The standards were presented in 1729 and had the monogram of King Fredrik I.

In 1807 the regiment was transformed into the Scanian Hussar Regiment.

As a light unit they did not have any standards.

m/1779

m/1802

Not available at the moment

 

Södra skånska kavalleriregemente (The Southern Scanian regiment)
Skånska karabinjärregementet (The Scanain Carabineer regiment)

The regiment was allotted in the southern and eastern parts of the province of Skåne.

The standards were presented in 1735 and had the monogram of King Fredrik I.

In 1805 the regiment was renamed to the Scanian Carabineer Regiment. In 1808 their standards was replaced by new ones of the same model as before but with the monogram of king Gustav IV Adolf.

m/1779

m/1802

Not available at the moment

 

Bohusläns dragonregemente (The Bohuslän Dragoon regiment)
Bohusläns regemente (The Bohus regiment)

This regiment is sometime referred to as the "Green dragoons"

The regiment was allotted in the province of Bohuslän. During the later parts the 18-th century, the regiment was step by step transformed to an infantry unit. During the 1788-90 war the four northern companies formed an infantry battalion and the four southern companies formed a cavalry battalion.

The guidons were presented in 1717 and had the monogram of King Charles XII.

In 1791 the entire regiment was dismounted and the unit was renamed as Bohusläns regiment. The old guidons was used until 1812 when the new colours was delivered.

m/1779

m/1802

 

Tavastehus och Nylands dragonregemente (The Tavastehus and Nyland Dragoon regiment)
Nylands dragonregemente (The Nyland Dragoon regiment)

The regiment was allotted in the provinces of Tavastland and Nyland.

The guidons were presented in 1748 and had the monogram of King Fredrik I.

In 1791 one battalion was dismounted and transferred to the Tavastehus regiment as their third battalion. This battalion did probably maintain their guidons until 1809.

The remaining mounted battalion went through several reorganisations. In 1805 they formed the core of the Nyland dragoon regiment. Through the years it's likely that the mounted battalion maintained their guidons.

m/1779

m/1802

Not available at the moment

 

Karelska dragonkåren (The Karelian Dragoon corps)
Karelska dragonbataljonen (The Karelian Dragoon battalion)

Due to the territorial losses in 1721 and 1744, the Karelian cavalry regiment lost most of it's area of recruting, and so the regiment was reduced to a "Corps".

The Corps had two companies, one in Savolax and one in Karelia.

The guidons were presented in 1747and had the monogram of King Fredrik I.

m/1779

m/1802

 

Jämtlands hästjägarkompani (The Jämtland mounted  jaeger company)

The corps were allotted all over the province of Jämtland.

The standards were presented in 1730 and had the monogram of King Fredrik I.

m/1779

m/1802

Not available at the moment

 

Hussarregementet (The Hussar regiment)

The enlisted unit where stationed in several garrisons in southern Sweden.

As they were regarded as a light unit, they used no standards, guidons or Colours.

m/1779

m/1802

Not available at the moment

 

Lätta dragonkåren

 In 1770 the enlisted Finnish Light Dragoon corps was formed and stationed in Borgå. Initially the corps was formed on three companies of 50 men each. The corps was actively supporting Custav III in his coup d'tat in 1772, and two of the companies were transferred to Stockholm to help keeping the order. The remaining company was eventually reinforced by two companies transferred from Pomerania. In 1777 another two companies were transferred to Stockholm, while the fifth was merged into the Karelian dragoon corps.

The  Light Dragoons were eventually incorporated in the Life regiment brigade

This was a light unit and carried no standards.

 

Lätta dragonerna m/1779

m/1802

Not available at the moment

 

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Up dated:  22 maj 2010